From his weekly show,Hello President , Chávez constructed a systematic discourse in which national and foreign (especially American) media are denounced, in a populist key, as part of an “oligarchic-imperialist” coalition enemy of the Venezuelan people. In this environment, the private media did not cease to exist, but they mobile phone number list were forced to operate in a restrictive environment and exposed to enormous pressures in the direction of self-censorship. The subsequent authoritarian regression of the madurista stage was also felt in mobile phone number list terms of freedom of expression.
Between 2014 and 2019, Venezuela fell 32 places in the World Press Freedom Index prepared by Reporters Without Borders, ranking 147th out of 180 countries.. In the context of the socioeconomic crisis and the abandonment of the majority mobile phone number list vocation that Chavista populism had exhibited until then, the government of Nicolás Maduro advanced with new measures and intensified the use of pre-existing regulatory instruments mobile phone number list to further restrict expressions of dissidence in the public sphere.
As the opposition protest escalated, sanctions, license revocation and media closures increased. The harassment and arrests of journalists increased and the expulsions of foreign chroniclers multiplied. The restrictions on access to newsprint, justified mobile phone number list by the shortage of foreign currency, led to the cessation of the printed edition of El Nacional, there will be no national paper newspapers not aligned with the government. In 2017, a law and a decree were passed that classify content and expressions in social networks and cyberspace based on the ambiguously defined imperatives of combating hatred and promoting peace and internal order .